More about the IKAT technique:
The ikat is a dyeing technique used to design fabrics that employs a resist dye on the yarns before the fabric is dyed and woven. The production of an ikat weave consists of approximately 32 steps, from processing the silk from the cocoons, drawing the patterns, dyeing the threads, and weaving on the loom. Silk fabrics were produced in plain weave by warp (shoyi) and in satin weave with four needles. Adras fabrics, bahhmal velvets, and atlas satin fabrics were decorated with motifs known as abr, which means cloud in Persian.
Uzbekistan has a long history of producing high quality textiles. Its history dates back to the Silk Road. Traditionally, ikat weaving began in the Bukhara region. The legendary Sufi and saint of the Naqshbandi era was associated with this beautiful and ancient craft. She successfully engaged in ikat weaving when she was young. Ikat had a rich political and cultural life in Central Asia. He was revered by the khans and wealthy people. It was used in ritual exchanges. The type of fabric used and the colors chosen conveyed a specific message about the wearer's social rank, gender, age, occupation, tribal affiliation, or geographic origin. Many years later, the center of ikat weaving moved to the Ferghana Valley, with master craftsmen from Bukhara teaching the craft to the next generation of craftsmen.